Glossary | WGI

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Glossary

What is architectural engineering?

Many people use the terms architectural engineering and architect interchangeably; but the fact is that these are two different fields that overlap in some areas. In most instances, an architect is responsible for building aesthetics, its forms and structure. The architectural design process is very creative and the focus is on the actual design and the practicality of the design. Read More

What is CAD engineering?

CAD is primarily used for detailed engineering of 2D drafting of physical components and/or 3D models; however CAD engineers use it right through the engineering process, starting from conceptual designing and layouts, through strength & dynamic assembly to finalizing of structures and construction. Read More

What is coastal engineering?

The hydrodynamic impact of waves, tides, the salty seawater, tsunamis and storm surges and the overall harsh environment of the sea are the problems that coastal engineering addresses. Some of the other challenges that coastal engineers deal with are the morphodynamic changes of coastal region topography, caused by man-made changes as well as autonomous development of the natural environment. Coastal engineering typically deals with problems in areas such as seas and oceans, big lakes and estuaries as well as marginal seas and other coastal regions. Read More

What is drainage engineering?

Drainage engineering is a segment of civil engineering; it provides a range of drainage solutions to state, county and local governmental agencies as well as the private sector. A few facts about drainage engineering: Read More

ENGINEERING CAREERS

We at WGI are a highly committed company that provides excellent engineering services to clients from varied fields. We have built a very high level of credibility in the market and cater to an ever-growing list of discerning clientele. Read More

What is environmental engineering?

Environmental engineering processes are used to conduct hazardous-waste management studies in which the significance of hazards is evaluated and solutions are provided on treating and containing it. This field is also involved in designing and systems for industrial and municipal water supplies as well as industrial wastewater treatment. Read More

What is environmental science?

Environmental science involves various fields of study; most often, these services include the study of natural resources, pollution, energy, climate change and various environmental issues. Ecologists that conduct environmental experiments study the manner in which animals and plants interact with each other. As part of these studies: Read More

What is geotechnical engineering?

Geotechnical engineering is essentially a science that explains the mechanics of rock and soil and their applications to the development of humankind. This is a very broad field which includes analysis, design and the construction of slopes, foundations, embankments, retaining structures, levees, roadways, tunnels, landfills, wharves, and other systems that are either supported by or made of soil or rock. Read More

What is land surveying?

We use surveying to ensure that order is maintained in the physical world we live in. Surveying is use in land development projects starting from the planning and designing phase’s right through to the final stages of construction of landscaping, utilities and roads etc. Read More

What is landscape architecture?

Landscape architecture is essentially a multi-disciplinary field that incorporates aspects of horticulture, architecture, soil sciences, industrial design, fine arts, ecology, geography, environmental psychology and architecture. The tasks that landscape architecture teams handle include: Read More

What is municipal engineering?

A municipality is essentially the local organizational body that is overseen by the municipal council; it is responsible for management of various municipal affairs in a specific geographical region such as a town, city or neighborhood etc. Read More

What is roadway engineering?

This is a branch of civil engineering that revolves around design and planning, construction and operation as well as the maintenance of highways, roads, tunnels and bridges to ensure the effective and safe transportation of people & goods. Read More

What is seismic engineering?

Seismic engineering also referred to as earthquake engineering assists in analyzing the interaction between the ground and civil infrastructure, including various consequences of earthquakes on buildings and other structures. One of the primary aims of seismic engineering is proper designing and construction of buildings, in line with existing building codes, so as to reduce the damage due to earthquakes. Read More

What is structural engineering?

The specialty of structural engineering lies within the broader civil engineering field; it focuses on the basic framework of structures as well as the design of the structures to endure pressures and stresses of the environment. The aim of structural engineering is to design structures that will remain stable, safe and secure through their lifespan. Read More

What is subsurface utility engineering?

This branch of engineering involves managing specific risks related to utility mapping at set quality levels, and functions such as:
• Utility relocation design & coordination.
• Utility coordination.
• Utility condition assessment.
• Utility relocation cost estimates.
• Communication ofutility data to all the concerned parties, implementation of utility accommodation policies and utility design.
• Addressing construction issues.
• Avoiding and resolving utility conflicts. Read More

What is traffic engineering?

Traffic engineering is a field that deals with all the functional aspects of the transportation system, except any infrastructure provided. This discipline is closely associated with various other branches of engineering such as:
• Transport engineering
• Bicycle transportation engineering
• Pavement engineering
• Urban planning
• Human factors engineering.
• Highway engineering
• Transportation planning Read More

What is transportation engineering?

This is a very important sub-discipline of civil engineering. The American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) has created a number of sub-divisions within the broader framework or transportation engineering. The six divisions are – highway, air transportation, pipeline which includes waterway coastal, ocean and port, urban transportation and aerospace. Read More

What is tunnel engineering?

Tunnel engineering isn’t just a standalone service. It encompasses various aspects and functions of mechanical, electrical, geotechnical and civil engineering for a range of underground projects. Advanced 2D/3D continuum as well as discontinued computer modeling, practical and traditional design methods are used to achieve project objectives. Tunnel engineering provides services for every stage of the life cycle of a tunneling project such as: Read More

What is water resources engineering?

Water resource engineering involves planning and management of various constructed facilities that provide solutions for the objectives listed above. The applications of water resources engineering include:
• Design of various hydraulic structures such as breakwaters and dams, sewage conduit.
• Management of waterways-flood and erosion protection.
• Another important application is environmental management- this includes prediction of mixing and the transport of different types of pollutants in surface water.
• Hydroelectric-power development.
• Irrigation, water supply and navigation- in which water is utilized for beneficial purposes. Read More