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Water Resources Engineering

Water resources engineering relates to the task of supplying water that’s fit for human use, developing efficient methods of avoiding damage from floods (excess water) and removing water when people are done using it.

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What is water resources engineering?

Water resource engineering involves planning and management of various constructed facilities that provide solutions for the objectives listed above. The applications of water resources engineering include:

• Design of various hydraulic structures such as breakwaters and dams, sewage conduit.
• Management of waterways-flood and erosion protection.
• Another important application is environmental management- this includes prediction of mixing and the transport of different types of pollutants in surface water.
• Hydroelectric-power development.
• Irrigation, water supply and navigation- in which water is utilized for beneficial purposes.

Different aspects that water resources engineering is used in

Water resource engineering is used not only to design these modern water management systems, but oversee the construction & maintenance of these installations and systems as well. A rising population and the constant need for more water necessitate the use of this branch of engineering for aspects such as:

• Flood forecasting, flood management
• Reservoir operation
• Dam break analysis
• River ecology
• River management, navigation
• Sediment transport &river morphology
• Basin-wide water resource planning
• River water quality, point load and non-point assessments
• Conjunctive use of surface water and groundwater
• Wetlands
• Watershed management
• Soil &groundwater contamination

More recently, the ever-growingconcern for preserving the earth’s natural environment &meeting needs of developing countries has also increased the importance of this particular branch of civil engineering.

What is a water resources engineer?

A water resources engineer is involved in the task of designing and planning systems that will supply water that’s fit for human use. They develop efficient methods of avoiding damage from floods (excess water) and systems for removing water when people are finished using it.

A water resource engineer develops new systems and equipment for all levels of water resource management facilities. The systems designed by these engineers ensure that the public is provided with a constant supply of uncontaminated and clean water for living, drinking as well as recreational purposes.

Water resources engineers work in government organizations or private consulting firms that are involved in projects for supplying water to urban and rural areas, or dealing with the hazards of water contamination. They also work in organizations that are involved in work related to hydrology and with various governmental entities at the municipal, state as well as national level.

Duties that a water resources engineer performs

A civil engineer plays a crucial role in the optimal design and planning as well as the operation of modern water resource systems. This field involves in-office as well as on-site work at the construction sites and water resource engineers may also work in industrial settings when supervising the maintenance activities on advanced equipment. A water resource engineer may have to deal with various aspects and tasks in this field and the duties that a water resources engineer performs can include:

• Water treatment facilities
• Natural springs
• Underground wells
• Support land development projects
• Generate master plans
• Optimize water distribution system operations
• Storm water and wastewater systems
• Design plans and systems thatintelligently and safely deliver clean water
• Make reliable renewal decisions
• Accurately model water system operations
• Deliver high-quality design solutions with minimal capital investments
• Reduce emergency response time

Planning, construction, implementation and maintenance tasks

A skilled and well-trained water resources engineer can create new systems and equipment to increase the efficiency and effectiveness of water resource management and water treatment. Water resources engineers analyze data from different areas to design new systems or improve existing facilities to improve the cleansing effects of local water treatment systems. Even as they do this, they have to take into consideration government regulations, budgetary constraints, future requirements and more.

In some cases, the engineer will also oversee the construction as well as implementation of these systems to make sure they are properly installed. Post completion of the project, they may also be assigned the job of maintaining these systems and related installations. While a large portion of a water resources engineer’s job is office based, there are certain tasks that involve field work as well.

Systems and tools that water resources engineers use

There are a number of advanced tools and software that water resource engineers use in their work. This would mainly be dependent on the type of project and the organization they are working for. Some of the tools and systems that water resources engineers use in their projects include:

• GIS and hydraulic modeling– These software functions are connected via data and workflows.Most GIS data models used by water and wastewater utilities contain a number of the same data items that are required in a hydraulic model, such as attributes and geometrics. The GIS systems are usedto store or record featuresof the water distribution system whichincludes pumps, valves, pipes, storage tanks and reservoirs a
• Infrastructure Design Suite software
• Slug tests and aquifer tests analysis software
• Streamflow-based programs such as hydrograph-separation etc
• Graphical User Interfaces
• Post Processors
• Water data analytics platform
• 2D and 3D CAD viewers and software
• Hydrograph-analysis programs

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